Schizophrenia, Schizoid, and Schizotypal Personality Disorders


Schizophrenia is very much like a complex puzzle with several missing pieces when trying to make sense of it. This complex biochemical brain disorder affects a person’s ability to determine what reality is and what is not. It is as though the brain sends perceptions along the wrong path, leading to the wrong conclusion. People with schizophrenia are affected by delusions (fixed false beliefs that can be terrifying to the person experiencing them), hallucinations (sensory experiences, such as hearing voices talking about them when there is no one there), social withdrawal and disturbed thinking

Schizophrenia





Genes

Mental health experts are not sure what causes it, but some say that genes may play a vital role in developing the disease. Certain events may trigger schizophrenia in people who are at risk of developing the disease. You are more likely to develop the disease if a family member has it. This disease affects both men and women equally. Schizophrenia usually begins in teen years or young adult-hood; it tends to occur later in life more often in women.

Symptoms

People with any type of schizophrenia may have trouble keeping friendships and doing to much work.They may also have trouble dealing with depression, anxiety, and/or suicidal thoughts or behaviours. Schizophrenia usually develops slowly over months, or years. You may develop many symptoms or very little.
Stage One :
  • Easily irritated or tense feelings of depression.
  • Trouble concentrating
  • Troubled sleep.

Stage Two: As the illness develops you may begin develop thinking, behavioral or emotional problems.
  • Bizarre behaviors
  • Hearing or seeing things that aren't really there (halluctionations)
  • Isolation
  • Lack of emotion
  • Trouble paying attention
  • strong beliefs in something that never happened or was never rreal (delusions)
  • jumping from topic to topic. ("loose associations")

These symptoms vary depending on what type the affected person develops:
Paranoid schizophrenia symptoms may include:
  • Anxiety
  • Anger or arguing
  • False beliefs that others are trying to harm you or your loved ones
Disorganized schizophrenia symptoms may include:
  • Childlike behavior
  • Problems thinking and explaining your ideas clearly
  • Showing little emotion
Catatonic schizophrenia symptoms may include:
  • Grimacing or other odd expressions on the face
  • Lack of activity
  • Rigid muscles and posture
  • Not responding much to other people
Undifferentiated schizophrenia may include symptoms of more than one other type of schizophrenia.